A typical action when working in Trunk Based Development (TBD) is to revert a commit that caused a red build. Sometimes this is the appropriate action to take. Sometimes it is not. This article provides some learning's and discussion points to consider before mandating that all commits that caused a red build should be reverted.
It should be noted that these points are specific to a particular team's setup and not all of these challenges are present in all TBD setups. For the project in question, there were multiple apps, each with their own repository, the team was doing TBD for each app. An app's pipeline ran in isolation up until it produced and published an RPM. The team had limited VM's to deploy and run functional tests against the integrated apps. So it was typical for a change in one app to be published to an RPM and then wait for the functional test VM's to free up before they were deployed, by the time the functional VM's were free there would typically be at least 1 other app bundled up with that pipeline run.
The above while not an ideal setup is typical in most organizations as they don't have the budget to provision enough infrastructure to support running each commit in isolation through the entire pipeline. If each commit can run through the entire pipeline in isolation, it might make some of the points below moot. However, when reverting (if the team is large) it is likely that subsequent commits have been pushed before the build turned red, making the revert slightly more complicated.
A revert may not be appropriate when:
- It is a simple fix to address the problem, time to do the fix and push is less than the time to revert and push.
- Database migrations have been run in a higher level testing environment and it may require manual effort to undo the migrations.
- Multiple commits have bunched up together from various pairs and apps and have failed together in automation, reverting your change may introduce another issue, reverting everyone's changes to the last green could have more adverse impacts and is a bigger/riskier commit.
- The issue is not related to your commit, it could be environment related and reverting will not resolve it.
- There were multiple commits in different repositories and reverting will mean coordinating a revert across all of them.
- It may be an issue only reproducible in a deployed environment, it might not be possible to reproduce the failure locally that you are seeing in the deployed environment.
- When a pair immediately reverts their commit when they see the build has broken, they loose the opportunity to debug and understand why that failure has occurred. I have been on teams where a pair spent half a day reverting commits, attempting to stabilize the build and get it back to green not realizing that it wasn't their commits that broke the build in the first place, by having the knee jerk reaction to "Revert on Red" they didn't take the time to debug and understand what actually happened.
Before mandating that all red builds should result in commits being reverted, it is important to consider the above points.
One size doesn't always fit all, sometimes it is best to trust the pair to make the best decision with the information they have at hand to remedy the broken build. No one likes the pressure of fixing a build when the whole team is waiting on them. If a revert is the simplest and most appropriate action to take, a pair will do it. A revert is simply a tool in our tool belt, it isn't a hammer to hit every red build on the head with.
A final note is that "Reverting on Red" is a reactive solution, that is, what to do when it is broken. Another way to look at the problem of a red build is through preventative solutions, try asking the team what can we do to avoid this situation?